Peru History

Peru History

South America
First residents They can only be seen from the air. The first traces of human presence in Peru date back at least 20,000 years before our era, but very few traces of this time have been preserved. From 1250 BC, several civilizations coming from the north, Chavinos, the Chimu, the Nazca and Tiahuanacos settled in the region. The city of Chanchan, whose ruins are still visible today, was built by the Chimus around 1000 BC. The Incas, a warrior tribe from the southern highlands, moved little by little towards the north of the region to the fertile valley of Cuzco between the years 1100 and 1300. Their expansion began in 1438, with Pachacútec (Pachakutiq in Quechua), who undertook the conquest of neighboring lands. Around 1500, the Inca Empire stretched from the Pacific Ocean to the origins of the Paraguay River and the Amazon, from the region of present-day Quito, Ecuador, to…
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Mali Geography and Economy

Mali Geography and Economy

Africa
Geography Mali limits to the north with Algeria and Mauritania, to the south with Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast and Guinea Conakry, to the east with Niger, and to the west with Mauritania and Senegal. Surface With a total land area of 1,240,000 km² and a surface area of 1.6% water. Relief Its relief is formed by a plateau that rises to the southwest, on the Mandinga plateau, with heights exceeding 600 meters. In the northeast, the upper region of Adrar de los Iforas stands out, with heights between 500 and 800 meters. Climate Two climatic zones are distinguished: In the desert north the temperatures can reach 60º. In the south, with a subtropical climate, it reaches an average temperature of 25º C. According to bridgat, Mali has three seasons: from November to February, the cool season due to the…
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Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland, Germany

Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland, Germany

Europe
Rhineland-Palatinate The state of Rhineland-Palatinate is located in the southwest region Germany, of which Mainz is the state capital. In the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate, the Rhenish Slate Mountains and part of the Eifel and Hunsrück extend. Vacationers areas in the western Westerwald and the north-western part of the Taunus, which is also located in Rhineland-Palatinate, are also popular. Landscapes in Rhineland-Palatinate Rhineland-Palatinate borders on North Rhine-Westphalia, Hesse and Baden-Württemberg. It is also bounded in the south by the French region of Alsace. Also Lorraine and Saarland bordering Rhineland-Palatinate. In addition, the State informed the excellent wines a border with Luxembourg Grevenmacher and Diekrich and the Belgian Wallonia. Rhineland-Palatinate is very rich in water. The Rhine, Moselle, Saar and Lahn run through the area. The Nahe, Sauer, Our, Glan and…
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Sights in Burgenland and Carinthia, Austria

Sights in Burgenland and Carinthia, Austria

Europe
Sights in Burgenland According to bridgat, Burgenland is very popular as a travel destination. It is located in Austria and has a total area of ​​1,3965.5 square kilometers. There are 277,569 people living in Burgenland. The highest point is the Geschreibstein with 884 meters. Forchtenstein Castle Forchtenstein Castle is considered the landmark of Burgenland. Forchtenstein Castle was built in the 13th century. At that time it was a Hungarian border castle and stands above the Rosaliengebirge. In the following Turkish wars, the castle served as the most important bulwark in the west. In the early 17th century the Esterházy family took overthe castle. Forchtenstein is still owned by the family to this day. The first generation of owners expanded the castle for defensive but also representative purposes and chose it…
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Best of Maldives Diving Trip

Best of Maldives Diving Trip

Asia
Basic travel information Best of Maldives is exactly what the name of the trip suggests: the best and most famous destinations in the Maldives on the same trip. Enjoy a diving trip where you will experience the atolls, canals, streams and spinaches of North Male, Southern Male and Ari, where you can see devilfish, whale sharks and other amazing sea animals. This route is a combination of reef dives and dives where you can see mantas and sharks. We visit purification stations where you can get close to the devil’s traps without disturbing them. The most famous places on the trip include the Maaya Thila spinach, which is 30 meters in diameter and is known for its schools of fish and regular shark sightings. Rasdhoo Madivaru is also an absolute…
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Bhutan Tour – the Happiest Country in the World

Bhutan Tour – the Happiest Country in the World

Asia
Basic travel information Known to few and little visited, Bhutan, in its own language, Druk Yul, the land of the thunder dragon, is one of the most fascinating travel destinations in the world. Bhutan nurtures its Himalayan Buddhist culture from outside influences, but at the same time provides a good setting to experience its living culture. People dressed in national costumes, traditional architecture, numerous temples, monasteries and fortresses, and the surrounding landscapes are amazing experiences. On our tour you will experience the best historical and cultural sites of Bhutan in the areas of Paro, Thimphu and Punakha. At the beginning and end of the trip, we will also visit the capital of Nepal, Kathmandu. Itinerary DAY 1 - FLIGHTS TO KATHMANDU Flights from Helsinki via Doha to the Nepalese capital…
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Mexico Overview

Mexico Overview

North America
Unions The Mexican trade union system is very fragmented. The most important umbrella organizations include the Unión General de Obreros y Campesinos de México (UGOCM, founded 1949), the Confederación de Trabajadores de México (CTM, founded 1936) and the Federación de Sindicatos de Trabajadores al Servicio del Estado (FSTSE, founded 1938). Military The total strength of the army is (2014) around 267,000 men; the paramilitary forces include 45,500 members of the various police forces. The military service (service period twelve months) is mostly voluntary, but partly also regulated by lottery. The army (around 205,000 soldiers) is divided into 12 military regions, among others. with infantry, engineer and tank brigades as well as 46 independent "district garrisons", among others. with infantry battalions and motorized cavalry regiments. The navy has around 54,000 and…
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France History: the Napoleon Age

France History: the Napoleon Age

Europe
HISTORY: THE EMERGENCE OF THE BOURGEOISIE AND THE FRENCH REVOLUTION The period of the regency (1715-23), marked by an enormous financial scandal (the bankruptcy of J. Law, 1720), was also the one in which, among the nobility, the taste for luxury and the love of pleasure reached the apogee. At the same time a new class was emerging, the bourgeoisie of businessmen and robes, whose children and grandchildren would prepare the revolution. In 1723, on the death of the Duke of Orleans, Louis XV personally took over the reins of the government. Cardinal Fleury, former tutor of the king, became his prime minister at the age of 73, managing to readjust the state budget and avoid new clashes with Great Britain. Stanislao Leszczyński, father-in-law of Louis XV (1733-35). Two long…
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Middle German Dialects

Middle German Dialects

Europe
Central German includes the West and East Central German dialects. The border between West and East Central German, which is characterized by the shifting of an initial Germanic »p« to »f« (e.g. in »pund« versus »fund« for »pound«) runs over between Fulda and Werra the Rhön. West Central German is divided into Middle Franconian (with Lower Franconian, Ripuarian and Moselle Franconian), Rhine Franconian, North, East and Central Hesse; East Central German includes the dialect groups Thuringian, Upper Saxon, North Upper Saxon, Südmärkisch, Silesian and High Prussian. West Central German: The Low Franconian (Niederrheinisch, Kleverländisch) marks the transition from High German to Low German. While vocalism features characteristics of High German (e.g. monophthonging from äi (ei) to e and from ou to o before r, h, w and in the final), consonantism is very close to Low German,…
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German Language Research Institutions

German Language Research Institutions

Europe
Germany: In addition to the German university institutes, two institutions deal with research into the German language: the "Institute for German Language" (IDS) in Mannheim (founded in 1964; publishes, among other things, the series of publications "Language of the Present" as well as the magazines "Deutsche Sprache" and "Sprachreport «Out) and the» Society for German Language «(GfdS) in Wiesbaden (here since 1965; founded in 1947 in Lüneburg as a successor organization to the German Language Association founded in 1885; maintains [2005] 62 branch associations in 20 countries; publishes the magazines» Mutterssprache «and »The Language Service«; has chosen the »Words of the Year« since 1971). The Goethe-Institut in Munich (founded in 1932, rebuilt in 1952) is dedicated to cultivating the German language and culture abroad. which (2004) has 128 branches in 79…
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Berlin Wall Part II

Berlin Wall Part II

Europe
Order to shoot and victims of the Berlin Wall Anyone wishing to visit the eastern part of the city after the wall was built now needed a special permit. There were also strict regulations for leaving East Berlin heading west. After the Berlin Wall was built, the GDR leadership also fortified the 1,400-kilometer border with the Federal Republic. It was here that the dreaded "death strips" were created, which were supposed to make it impossible to cross the border. In parallel with the border, mines were laid and self-firing systems were installed. On August 22, 1961, the leadership of the GDR had already passed a "resolution to use the weapon". The border guards were obliged to shoot anyone who tried to cross the border without a permit. Many citizens of…
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Berlin Wall Part I

Berlin Wall Part I

Europe
The Berlin Wall was a strictly guarded military system of the GDR along the border around West Berlin that existed from 1961 to 1989/90. On June 15, 1961, the head of state of the German Democratic Republic (GDR), Walter Ulbricht, told journalists: "Nobody has any intention of building a wall." The question was whether the GDR had its border with West Berlin want to close. A short time later, however, it became clear that Ulbricht had lied. Because on August 13, 1961, the government of the GDR left Berlin seal off the sector boundary. Until then, Berlin had been the last open "eye of the needle" for all people who wanted to leave the GDR, because the zone border between East and West Germany had been sealed off since 1954.…
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Kutná Hora and St. Mary’s Church in Sedlec (World Heritage)

Kutná Hora and St. Mary’s Church in Sedlec (World Heritage)

Europe
Kutná Hora was the second largest city in Bohemia in the Middle Ages. It owed its wealth to silver mining. Bohemian silver coins were minted here for centuries. The old town is dominated by the late Gothic Saint Barbara Church. Kutná Hora and the Church of St. Mary in Sedlec: facts Official title: Historic center of Kutná Hora and St. Mary's Church in Sedlec Cultural monument: in English »Kuttenberg«, former miners' settlement and birthplace of Josef Kajetán Tyl (1808-56), author of the Czech national anthem; Architectural monuments such as the five-aisled St. Barbara Cathedral with its three striking tent roofs (1532), the former Jesuit college based on plans by Johann Domenico Orsi de Orsini (1633-79), the Ursuline monastery, the church of St. John Nepomuk, the stone house, the Welsche Hof…
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Europe Economy

Europe Economy

Europe
The circumstance is evident precisely in the case of Community Europe, which in the long term has shown higher increases in income and above all in productivity than the United States, but not an equal increase in employment. To all that has been hinted at so far, it should be added that the many political and economic changes in the European area as a whole have produced very sensitive effects from a social and territorial point of view. The dissolution of the eastern bloc gave rise first to migratory movements from east to west, capable of characterizing large western regions and entire productive sectors, entering into competition with the most deeply rooted extra-European flows, then to a series of private and public productive investments in the same Eastern European countries…
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History of Northern Africa

History of Northern Africa

Africa
From the century IX a. C. there is then news of a reign of Napata downstream of the fourth cataract, probably founded by an Egyptianized chief of Kūsh, whose sovereigns progressively extended their authority over Egypt, assuming the title of king of Kūsh and Egypt (25th dynasty called Cushite, which reigned between c. 715 and 663 BC). The Egyptian counterattack, the destruction (591 BC) of Napata, the flight of the sovereigns of Meroe to the S of the fifth cataract brought the Egyptian influence more and more inland. In fact, the kingdom of Meroe, which enjoyed a period of great splendor and civilization, did not limit itself to receiving the Egyptian civilization but absorbed it, remodeled it and transmitted it to the Saharan and black populations with whom it came into contact.…
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Prehistory of Western Europe

Prehistory of Western Europe

Europe
Western Europe, the western part of Europe with France, the British Isles (geographically also defined as Northwest Europe) and the Benelux countries (geographically also included in Central Europe). According to countryaah, the oldest evidence of human culture from the Paleolithic Age in Western Europe are rubble tools and debris from high-lying terrace gravel of the Garonne. In the Vallonet cave on the French Mediterranean coast, stone tools were found along with animal remains from the early Ice Age. Also from southern France (Arago cave near Tautavel) come human remains that prove the presence of Homo erectus (or an archaic form of Homo sapiens) in Western Europe 450,000 years ago. The skull remains of Atapuerca in northern Spain (Homo antecessor) are probably more than 300,000 years older. For the British Isles,…
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Australia Geography

Australia Geography

Oceania
Australia is a state on the continent of the same name. The outer areas under his administration are Norfolk Island and Christmas Island, Macquarie Islands, Cocos Islands and many more. With a total area of ​​around 7.7 million square kilometers, Australia is also the sixth largest country in the world, the smallest continent and around 21 times larger than Germany. The national nature of Australia is mostly flat. Only in the outskirts of the coastal regions are there larger elevations, including the MacDonnell Ranges in the center with 1,510 meters and the Musgrave Rangesat 1,513 meters are the exceptions. Based on its surface shape, Australia can be divided into three large geographic landscapes: the East Australian Highlands, the Central Australian Lowlands and the West Australian Tableland. The East Australian Highlands…
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Great Britain Geography

Great Britain Geography

Europe
Great Britain consists of England, Wales and Scotland. While the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom, UK) - as the name suggests - still includes Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom has a direct land border in Northern Ireland only with the Republic of Ireland, with a length of around 360 km. Great Britain has a coastline of around 12,430 km. Area and land use The United Kingdom covers an area of ​​229,850 km², which is divided into England (130,395 km²), Wales (20,761 km²), Scotland (78,772 km²) and Northern Ireland (13,843 km²). Thereof: Forest Around 11% of the country is forested. 61.5% of it is coniferous forest, 28% deciduous forest, the rest is cripple and bush wood. A total of 67% of the UK's forests are severely…
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Wismar History

Wismar History

Europe
Germany is an underrated destination! For those who take the time to visit this country, there is much to experience in the form of cultural experiences but also magnificent nature experiences, fine beaches in the north, beautiful wine districts and high mountains in the south. In October, I made my second visit to Germany in 2017 with a focus on visiting cities with World Heritage-listed city centers. During the first trip I visited the cities of Quedlinburg and Goslar as well as the mines in Rammelsberg. During the second trip, I visited the two former Hanseatic and Swedish cities Wismar and Stralsund. Both times I drove to the destinations. During the second trip I drove from Gothenburg to Trelleborg from where I took the ferry to Rostock. In Rostock I…
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Nahanni National Park

North America
Nahanni National Park is located in the southwest of the Northwest Territories province in northern Canada. The Mackenzie Mountains and the South Nahanni River with its unique, wild water course belong to it. The Nahanni National Park has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1978. No roads lead into the remote wilderness of the animal-rich park with wolves, grizzly bears and caribou. The only way to get to the park is by boat or seaplane from Fort Simpson. The South Nahanni River with its deep canyons and the rushing Virginia Falls is an ideal area for breathtaking white water rafting. With a depth of over ninety meters, the falls are twice as deep as the Niagara Falls. After the first canyon, canoeists can enjoy a pleasant, 30 degrees Celsius…
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Ashgabat Tourist Guide

Ashgabat Tourist Guide

Asia
Ashgabat is one of the fastest changing cities in the world. The reason for this is the centrally planned redesign program to which the city has been subject for more than 20 years. Through this program the presidents of the country intend to demonstrate the prosperity of the republic. For this purpose, entire city districts are being laid down and rebuilt in a specially designed monumental architectural style. Huge triumphal arches, oversized plazas, multi-lane parade streets and boulevards, the largest fountains in the world, extensive park landscapes and an almost unmanageable number of new buildings clad in white marble and often decorated with gold elements are the core elements of this redesign. The Tolkutschka Bazaar, which recently moved into a new building, is a highlight of everyday Central Asian culture.…
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History and Geography of Goiás, Brazil

History and Geography of Goiás, Brazil

South America
With an economy based on agriculture, Goiás follows a path of growing industrialization and seeks to disseminate its natural, artistic, cultural and human resources. The history of Goiás The occupation of the territory that today corresponds to the state of Goiás began with the expeditions of bandeirantes from São Paulo. Among the first waves of adventurers, the banner of Bartolomeu Bueno da Silva, the Anhanguera , stood out , in search of gold. Reports without historical evidence show that he would have threatened to dry the rivers and springs if the Indians did not show him where the metals used to make their artifacts and ornaments were taken from. What is known, for sure, is that the first deposits were found at the end of the 17th century. When news…
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Oceania for Backpacking Beginners

Oceania
Australia the all-rounder - from the outback to large metropolises The smallest continent in the world is made for backpackers and this is exactly why you will definitely meet a lot of backpackers there. In general, Australia is similar to Austria in terms of culture, so there should be no culture shock. Australia is a very good choice for your first trip, the people there are extremely friendly and helpful. Although it is the smallest continent on earth, there is so much to see and discover. Most of you are probably familiar with the cosmopolitan cities of Sydney and Melbourne . You should also pay a visit to the many national parks, these can usually be visited free of charge. Wherever there are national parks, there are often wild animals. 90% of all Australian animals you see here are nowhere else in the…
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Best travel time for North and Central Thailand

Best travel time for North and Central Thailand

Asia
The climate and the best time to travel to Thailand The Asian state of Thailand and its numerous islands are exposed to a special climate. Located on the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, monsoon winds affect the tropical climate . Therefore, it makes sense to divide the Kingdom of Thailand into two climate zones: Northern Thailand and Southern Thailand. According to VAULTEDWATCHES, Thailand's north is enclosed by the states of Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. There is no access to the sea in northern Thailand. Nevertheless, the north attracts thousands of tourists with popular travel destinations such as Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai. The best time to travel to Northern Thailand is from November to February . During this time, thanks to the northwest monsoon, temperatures up to…
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Best Travel Time for Dubai

Best Travel Time for Dubai

Asia
Climate in Dubai The climate in Dubai is characterized by constant heat. The average annual temperature is 27 degrees Celsius. In the high summer months of July and August the thermometer even reaches temperatures of up to 41 degrees Celsius. Dubai is located on the Persian Gulf and consists mostly of desert and a smaller part of a coastal region. The climate here is arid, the characteristics of which are drought and heat, as well as less precipitation. On average it rains one day per month in winter; In summer, rain is usually impossible in Dubai. Therefore, in the high summer months of July and August, the humidity in the coastal regions increases to up to 80 percent. An almost unbearable climate for European tourists. It therefore requires very stubborn…
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Best Travel Time for Punta Cana

Best Travel Time for Punta Cana

North America
Climate in Punta Cana The climate in Punta Cana is tropical . The temperatures in the resort in the east of the Dominican Republic are balanced all year round. The mildest months are January and February with an average daytime temperature of 29.2 degrees Celsius. It is warmest between July and October, when daytime temperatures of 31.5 degrees Celsius prevail. The annual average humidity is 80 percent. This makes the temperatures feel even warmer than they are. At night, the values ​​only deviate by an average of -10 degrees from daytime temperatures. In January and February the minimum temperatures are 19.6 degrees Celsius. In the hot months of June to October, the lowest temperature is 22 degrees Celsius. On average, the sun shows up between 6.6 and 8 hours a…
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Climate in Southern Australia

Climate in Southern Australia

Oceania
South Australia (Adelaide, Kangaroo Island, Nullarbor Plain) The climate in the state of South Australia can be divided into two zones. On the one hand the climate around Adelaide and Kangaroo Island, on the other hand the coastal area around the desert area Nullarbor Plain. The weather in the area around Adelaide and Kangaroo Island is Mediterranean. In summer you can also look forward to dry days without much rainfall. The average summer temperature in Adelaide is 27 ° C, during this time there are an average of four rainy days. The water temperature is refreshing at 19 degrees. The best time to travel to Adelaide is therefore in the months of October to April. But Adelaide is also worth a trip in autumn and winter. At this time the…
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SPEYER ATTRACTIONS

SPEYER ATTRACTIONS

Europe
At the Technology Museum, it is possible to yawn inside a real submarine. The handsome cathedral is a World Heritage Site The nearly thousand-year-old Speyer Cathedral has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981. It is the largest surviving Romanesque church in the world. There is space inside for a total of 2,000 people. What is special is that such a huge cathedral was built at a time when the whole town of Speyer had only five hundred inhabitants. The builder of the church, Emperor Konrad II, wanted to show his power and authority in impressive proportions. Over the centuries, a total of eight German emperors and kings have been buried in connection with the church. Speyer Cathedral is open to visitors daily. There is no entrance fee, but…
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How to Get to Norway

Europe
MANY TRAVEL OPTIONS If you want to travel to the land of the fjords, you usually have to choose the right means of transport, which we have put together for you in an overview. Many travelers opt for their own car or mobile home. In addition to the car, however, you also have the option of reaching the large network of Norwegian airports by direct flight or transfer connections. YOU HAVE THE CHOICE Rail travel across other Scandinavian countries, such as B. Denmark and Sweden are attractive entry options to get to know more of the north. Talk to us, we will be happy to advise you and put together an individual package for you. Norway is short for NOR by abbreviationfinder. BY CAR OR MOBILE HOME One of the…
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Norway Landscapes

Norway Landscapes

Europe
FJORD LANDSCAPES Huge glaciers from the Ice Age have shaped Norway and especially its incomparable fjords. The Norwegian word is also used elsewhere for these long, narrow estuaries, but nowhere are they more beautiful than here. Some of the largest glaciers in Europe still cover extensive plateaus and mountain ranges in the country and stretch their tongues into the depths, where they form countless blue meltwater lakes. LAND OF WATER Short NO for abbreviationfinder, Norway offers its visitors an awe-inspiring landscape; in some places ships can travel up to 160 km up the fjords. Between dizzying cliffs, on which small farms are enthroned, fishing boats chug over the waves and in the background mighty snow peaks watch over the entire scene. Proud residents The Norwegians are ardent patriots - perhaps…
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