Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland, Germany


The state of Rhineland-Palatinate is located in the southwest region Germany, of which Mainz is the state capital. In the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate, the Rhenish Slate Mountains and part of the Eifel and Hunsrück extend. Vacationers areas in the western Westerwald and the north-western part of the Taunus, which is also located in Rhineland-Palatinate, are also popular.

Landscapes in Rhineland-Palatinate

Rhineland-Palatinate borders on North Rhine-Westphalia, Hesse and Baden-Württemberg. It is also bounded in the south by the French region of Alsace. Also Lorraine and Saarland bordering Rhineland-Palatinate. In addition, the State informed the excellent wines a border with Luxembourg Grevenmacher and Diekrich and the Belgian Wallonia.

Rhineland-Palatinate is very rich in water. The Rhine, Moselle, Saar and Lahn run through the area. The Nahe, Sauer, Our, Glan and Sieg are also important flowing waters in Rhineland-Palatinate. In addition, you will find a number of larger lakes here, including the Laacher See. This is a crater lake of a dormant volcano.

Is it all just hot air?

The Laacher See is a crater lake of a volcano. Although no volcanic activity has yet been measured, the area of ​​the state of Rhineland-Palatinate is located in a volcanic area with former activities. The Eifel consists to a large extent of volcanic rocks. You can also do this at the Pechsteinkopf and find volcanic rock in the Haardt.
In addition to the Laacher See, which repeatedly causes a stir among experts, because they are not one hundred percent sure whether it is really asleep or has gone out, there are other sources in Rhineland-Palatinate with carbon dioxide-containing emissions.

There is a natural event in Andernach in the Palatinate. One of the highest cold water geysers in the world can be found here. A very informative volcano park was set up to make the geological characteristics and the development of the region clear to visitors and residents. Although there have not been any major earthquakes in the recent past, the region of the Rhine Graben and Neuwied Basin remains classified as a moderately endangered earthquake region.

History about Rhineland-Palatinate

The remarkable thing about Rhineland-Palatinate is that there are some very old cities here. Some of them are Andernach, Koblenz, Trier, Boppard, Mainz, Speyer and Worms. This means that most of the oldest German cities are in this state.
Even Julius Caesar was already a guest on the territory of today’s Rhineland-Palatinate. In the Gallic War around 55 BC, he built a bridge over the Rhine between Andernach and Koblenz in just 10 days. This was important for him so that he could carry out a punitive expedition against the enemy Teutons. Two years later he had a bridge built near Urmitz at the same speed.

Another important historical person in Germany is Johannes Gutenberg. Without him you couldn’t read newspapers or books, because he invented printing with movable metal letters as a Mainz native in 1440. This allowed books to be reproduced more quickly and the population could educate itself.

Martin Luther had to go to the Worms Reichstag on April 17, 1521be responsible. At that time he spoke the legendary reason for his rejection of the revocation to which he was asked: Since… my conscience is trapped in the words of God, I cannot and I do not want to revoke anything, because it is dangerous and impossible to do something against conscience. God help me. Amen!” He said this even though he knew those words could mean his death. On May 26, 1521, the Edict of Worms, which was drawn by the emperor, was imposed on him.


Wine and good and hearty home-style cooking. That is the picture of the state Saarland. Here you have always enjoyed life and get-togethers.
Perhaps this attitude to life is also based on the location of the area. Because the Saarland is one of the most beautiful landscapes in Germany, it borders on the neighboring state of Rhineland-Palatinate.

Geography and Landscapes of the Federal State of Saarland

The Saarland is located in the southwestern part of the Federal Republic of Germany. In the south of the Saarland is France, more precisely the Moselle department in the Lorraine region (Lorraine). The west borders on Grevenmacher in Luxembourg. The Saarland, Lorraine, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Belgian region of Wallonia and the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate together form the greater region of Saar-Lor-Lux.

Formation of the Saarland

During the phase of During the French Revolution, the region was a fragmented region as a unit. The area was divided among the most varied of lordships and counties, as well as duchies and electorates. Despite the proximity to France, most parts of the Saarland were predominantly German-speaking, but French was also spoken at times, especially in the border regions. The phase between the late 17th century, the French Reunion and the French Revolution was particularly formative. This French influence can still be seen today in some streets in the border areas as well as numerous fashionable features of historical uniforms or parts of city coats of arms.

From a political point of view, the Saarland has existed as the Saar Basin area since 1920. It was a result of the Versailles Treaty and was thus spun off from the German Empire. The Saarland was made up of Prussian and former Bavarian regions. Before that there were a large number of grand duchies in the area of ​​what is now Saarland. At that time, the League of Nations held power and the shots in Saarland for 15 years.

The area of ​​the then Saar area corresponded to only a part of today’s Saarland. In a referendum in 1935, a majority of 90 percent decided that Saarland should be reintegrated into the German Reich. The integration took place immediately. When the Second World War ended, the Saarland was under the French occupation until 1947. Another referendum (this time in 1955) decided that Saarland should be incorporated into the Federal Republic in 1957.

One can say about the Saarland that the population always saw themselves as part of Germany, even when the Saarland was politically separated. The Saarland has always used a special position in political terms skilfully and often benefited from it. Saarland was able to take part in the 1952 Olympic Games, and Saarland also took part in qualifying for the 1954 World Cup with its own team. Then the Saarland became part of Germany and completely integrated.

Saarland, Germany