Argentina Dictionary of History Part 2

Argentina Dictionary of History Part 2

South America
The coup of Videla, the dictatorship, the tragedy of the disappeared. Meanwhile, the economic situation recorded a surge in inflation and the worsening of the conflict between the CGT and the government. Faced with the worsening of social instability, a new government was formed and the Ministry of the Interior entrusted to the military, while General JR Videla took advantage of the total crisis of the institutions to carry out a coup d'état in 1976. Significant was the presentation of an economic plan characterized by the reversal of the positions of the Peronists, that is, favorable to the investments of foreign capital and the blocking of inflation, in a general framework of return to an economy based on large farms and large land ownership. The military also launched a harsh repressive…
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Argentina Dictionary of History

Argentina Dictionary of History

South America
The pre-Columbian phase. Various Amerindian populations lived in the Argentine territory before the European colonization. Some of them were extremely backward, while in the North-West provinces a group of sedentary populations, the diaghites, possessed a higher civilization, similar to that of ancient Peru. Tribes of hunters (puelche, querandí, mocoví, abipón) instead populated the Pampas and the southern Chaco. The Araucans were found in the Andes, while Guaraní tribes lived between Paraná and Uruguay, and Patagonian and Fuegine tribes in the southern territories. In the wooded plains of central and northern Chaco lived the mataco, toba, pilagá, etc. tribes, whose economy was essentially based on hunting and fishing. Overall the population was low, also given the modest technological level of the indigenous tribes, From conquest to independence. The European penetration in Argentina began…
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Peru History

Peru History

South America
First residents They can only be seen from the air. The first traces of human presence in Peru date back at least 20,000 years before our era, but very few traces of this time have been preserved. From 1250 BC, several civilizations coming from the north, Chavinos, the Chimu, the Nazca and Tiahuanacos settled in the region. The city of Chanchan, whose ruins are still visible today, was built by the Chimus around 1000 BC. The Incas, a warrior tribe from the southern highlands, moved little by little towards the north of the region to the fertile valley of Cuzco between the years 1100 and 1300. Their expansion began in 1438, with Pachacútec (Pachakutiq in Quechua), who undertook the conquest of neighboring lands. Around 1500, the Inca Empire stretched from the Pacific Ocean to the origins of the Paraguay River and the Amazon, from the region of present-day Quito, Ecuador, to…
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History and Geography of Goiás, Brazil

History and Geography of Goiás, Brazil

South America
With an economy based on agriculture, Goiás follows a path of growing industrialization and seeks to disseminate its natural, artistic, cultural and human resources. The history of Goiás The occupation of the territory that today corresponds to the state of Goiás began with the expeditions of bandeirantes from São Paulo. Among the first waves of adventurers, the banner of Bartolomeu Bueno da Silva, the Anhanguera , stood out , in search of gold. Reports without historical evidence show that he would have threatened to dry the rivers and springs if the Indians did not show him where the metals used to make their artifacts and ornaments were taken from. What is known, for sure, is that the first deposits were found at the end of the 17th century. When news…
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Argentina Travel Package

Argentina Travel Package

South America
Located between the Andes in the west and the Atlantic in the east, Argentina is a country of burning passion and spectacular beauty, with dramatic mountains, waterfalls at Iguazu, the vast grasslands of the Pampas, wonderful estancias where you can ride for days without seeing another soul and the cosmopolitan city of Buenos Aires. This unique country evokes images of tango dancers, elegant architecture, gauchos on horseback, polo and appetizing steaks - it's easy to see why Argentina is one of the most popular destinations in South America. Add the fascinating culture and lunar landscape of the northwest, the beautiful vineyards around Mendoza, and the incredible marine wildlife of the Valdes Peninsula or the fascinating wetlands of Ibera and you get a dynamic and infinitely varied combination of experiences to…
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